Logic is about understanding reality in a non-contradictory way and how can we see things for what they are.
Topic: Today's show is a personal exercise to help me let go of a long-standing resentment against comedian and political commentator Bill Maher. Cory, Osborne and I analyze several clips from his HBO show, Real Time With Bill Maher, primarily focusing on two fallacies: composition and division. Many tangents result!
Composition: This fallacy is a result of reasoning from the properties of the parts of the whole to the properties of the whole itself--it is an inductive error.
Division: This fallacy is the reverse of composition. It is the misapplication of deductive reasoning. One fallacy of division argues falsely that what is true of the whole must be true of individual parts.
Source: Logical Fallacies Handlist
"The process of forming and applying concepts contains the essential pattern of two fundamental methods of cognition: induction and deduction.
The process of observing the facts of reality and of integrating them into concepts is, in essence, a process of induction. The process of subsuming new instances under a known concept is, in essence, a process of deduction." -Ayn Rand, Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology (p28)
Logical Fallacies Handlist
Logical Fallacies Basics
Logical Fallacy: Tu Quoque
Ayn Rand Lexicon
HBO: Real Time With Bill Maher